Resources - publications

 Modernisation of the Energy Charter Treaty: A Global Tragedy at a High Cost for Taxpayers

The Energy Charter Treaty (ECT) is a multilateral investment agreement solely dedicated to protecting foreign investments in energy supply. By January 2020, the Treaty has been ratified by 53 countries and the European Union/Euratom. Under the ECT regime, foreign investors can sue host States through arbitration tribunals, typically, composed of party-appointed private lawyers.

Publication type: 

 Modernisation of the Energy Charter Treaty: A Global Tragedy at a High Cost for Taxpayers

The Energy Charter Treaty (ECT) is a multilateral investment agreement solely dedicated to protecting foreign investments in energy supply. By January 2020, the Treaty has been ratified by 53 countries and the European Union/Euratom. Under the ECT regime, foreign investors can sue host States through arbitration tribunals, typically, composed of party-appointed private lawyers.

Publication type: 

 The Energy Charter Treaty - Assessing its geopolitical, climate and financial impacts

The Energy Charter Treaty (ECT) is a multilateral investment protection agreement which protects investments in the energy supply.

For the first time, since the entry into force of the ECT in 1998, the geopolitical, climate and financial impacts are assessed.

The analyses show that:

Publication type: